Note names in other languages

There are predefined sets of note and accidental names for various other languages. Selecting the note name language is usually done at the beginning of the file; the following example is written using Italian note names:

\language "italiano"

\relative {
  do' re mi sib
}

[image of music]

The available languages and the note names they define are:

LanguageNote Names
nederlandsc d e f g a bes b
català or
 catalan
do re mi fa sol la sib si
deutschc d e f g a b h
englishc d e f g a bf/b-flat b
español or
 espanol
do re mi fa sol la sib si
françaisdo /re mi fa sol la sib si
italianodo re mi fa sol la sib si
norskc d e f g a b h
português or
 portugues
do re mi fa sol la sib si
suomic d e f g a b h
svenskac d e f g a b h
vlaamsdo re mi fa sol la sib si

In addition to note names, accidental suffixes may also vary depending on the language:

Languagesharpflatdouble sharpdouble flat
nederlandsisesisiseses
català or
 catalan
d/sbdd/ssbb
deutschisesisiseses
englishs/-sharpf/-flatss/x/-sharpsharpff/-flatflat
español or
 espanol
sbss/xbb
françaisdbdd/xbb
italianodbddbb
norskiss/isess/esississ/isisessess/eses
português or
 portugues
sbssbb
suomiisesisiseses
svenskaissessississessess
vlaamskbkkbb

In Dutch, German, Norwegian, and Finnish, aes is contracted to as; in Dutch and Norwegian, however, both forms are accepted by LilyPond. Exactly the same holds for es and ees, aeses and ases, and finally eeses and eses.

In German and Finnish, LilyPond additionally provides the more frequent form asas for ases.

\relative c'' { a2 as e es a ases e eses }

[image of music]

Some music uses microtones whose alterations are fractions of a ‘normal’ sharp or flat. The following table lists note name suffixes for quarter tone accidentals; here the prefixes semi- and sesqui- respectively mean ‘half’ and ‘one and a half’.

Languagesemi-sharpsemi-flatsesqui-sharpsesqui-flat
nederlandsihehisiheseh
català or
 catalan
qd/qsqbtqd/tqstqb
deutschihehisiheseh
englishqsqftqstqf
español or
 espanol
cscbtcstcb
françaissdsbdsdbsb
italianosdsbdsdbsb
norskihehissih/isihesseh/eseh
português or
 portugues
sqtbqtstqtbtqt
suomiihehisiheseh
svenskaihehissihesseh
vlaamshkhbkhkbhb

In German, there are similar name contractions for microtones as with normal pitches described above.

\language "deutsch"

\relative c'' { asah2 eh aih eisih }

[image of music]

Most languages presented here are commonly associated with Western classical music, also referred to as Common Practice Period. However, alternate pitches and tuning systems are also supported: see Common notation for non-Western music.

See also

Music Glossary: Pitch names, Common Practice Period.

Notation Reference: Common notation for non-Western music.

Installed Files: scm/define-note-names.scm.

Snippets: Pitches.


LilyPond Notation Reference v2.25.13 (development-branch).