Manual repeat marks

Note: These methods are only used for displaying unusual repeat constructs, and may produce unexpected behavior. In most cases, repeats should be created using the standard \repeat command or by printing the relevant bar lines. For more information, see Bar lines.

The property repeatCommands can be used to control the layout of volta-style repeats. Its value is a Scheme list. In general, each element is itself a list, '(command args…), but a command with no arguments may be abbreviated to a symbol; e.g., '((start-repeat)) may be given as '(start-repeat).

end-repeat

End a repeated section.

\relative {
  c''1
  d4 e f g
  \set Score.repeatCommands = #'(end-repeat)
  c1
}

[image of music]

start-repeat

Start a repeated section.

\relative {
  c''1
  \set Score.repeatCommands = #'(start-repeat)
  d4 e f g
  c1
}

[image of music]

As per standard engraving practice, repeat signs are not printed at the beginning of a piece.

volta text

If text is markup, start a volta bracket with that label; if text is #f, end a volta bracket. A volta bracket which is not ended explicitly will not be printed.

\relative {
  f''4 g a b
  \set Score.repeatCommands =
    #`((volta ,#{ \markup \volta-number "2" #}))
  g4 a g a
  \set Score.repeatCommands = #'((volta #f))
  c1
}

[image of music]

Multiple repeat commands may occur at the same point:

\relative {
  f''4 g a b
  \set Score.repeatCommands =
    #`((volta ,#{ \markup { \concat { \volta-number 2 , }
                            \volta-number 5 } #})
       end-repeat)
  g4 a g a
  c1
  \set Score.repeatCommands =
    #`((volta #f)
       (volta ,#{ \markup \volta-number 95 #})
       end-repeat)
  b1
  \set Score.repeatCommands = #'((volta #f))
}

[image of music]

Text can be included with the volta bracket. The text can be a number or numbers or markup text, see Formatting text. The simplest way to use markup text is to define the markup first, then include the markup in a Scheme list.

voltaAdLib = \markup { \volta-number { 1. 2. 3... }
                       \italic { ad lib. } }
\relative {
  c''1
  \set Score.repeatCommands = #`((volta ,voltaAdLib) start-repeat)
  c4 b d e
  \set Score.repeatCommands =
    #`((volta #f)
       (volta ,#{ \markup \volta-number "4." #})
       end-repeat)
  f1
  \set Score.repeatCommands = #'((volta #f))
}

[image of music]

Segno and coda marks can be created with the \segnoMark, \inStaffSegno, and \codaMark commands. This is the syntax for the mark commands:

\codaMark n
\segnoMark n

where n is a sequence number, or \default to use the next automatically. Rehearsal, segno, and coda marks are counted independently.

\fixed c' {
  e1
  \segnoMark \default
  e1
  \segnoMark \default
  g1
  \codaMark \default
  g1
  \codaMark \default
  b1
  \codaMark 96
  b1
  \segnoMark 96
}

[image of music]

At the beginning of a piece, \segnoMark \default and \codaMark \default create no mark. Specify ‘1’ to force a mark.

\fixed c' {
  \segnoMark 1
  f1
}

[image of music]

The \inStaffSegno command is equivalent to \segnoMark \default with the extra effect of temporarily setting the segnoStyle property to bar-line to force printing it as a bar line.

\fixed c' {
  e1
  \inStaffSegno
  g1
  \segnoMark \default
  b1
}

[image of music]

For more information on changing the appearance of segno and coda marks, see section Segno repeat appearance.

To create arbitrary jump instructions, use the \jump command.

\fixed c' {
  \time 2/4
  f4 a
  b4 c'8 d'
  c'4 c
  \jump "Gavotte I D.C."
  \section
}

[image of music]

See also

Notation Reference: Bar lines, Formatting text, Rehearsal marks, Segno repeat appearance.

Snippets: Repeats.

Internals Reference: CodaMark, Jump_engraver, JumpScript, Mark_engraver, SegnoMark, SegnoRepeatedMusic, VoltaBracket, VoltaRepeatedMusic.


LilyPond Notation Reference v2.25.13 (development-branch).