Turkish note names

Pitches in Turkish classical music traditionally have unique names and the basis of pitch on 1/9-tone divisions means that makamlar employ a completely different set of intervals compared to Western scales and modes:

From a modern, notational point of view it is convenient to use standard, Western staff notes (c, d, e, etc.) but with custom accidentals that raise or lower notes by intervals of 1/9, 4/9, 5/9 or 8/9 of a tone.

These custom accidentals are defined in the file turkish-makam.ly.

For a more general explanation of non-Western music notation, see Common notation for non-Western music.

See also

Music Glossary: makam, makamlar.

Notation Reference: Common notation for non-Western music.

LilyPond Notation Reference v2.25.18 (development-branch).