### Articulations

Music Glossary: articulation.

Common articulations can be added to a note using a dash `-` and a single character:

```c4-^ c-+ c-- c-|
c4-> c-. c2-_
```

### Fingerings

Music Glossary: fingering.

Similarly, fingering indications can be added to a note using a dash (`-`) and the digit to be printed:

```c4-3 e-5 b-2 a-1
```

Articulations and fingerings are usually placed automatically, but you can specify a direction by replacing the dash (`-`) with `^` (up) or `_` (down). You can also use multiple articulations on the same note. However, in most cases it is best to let LilyPond determine the articulation directions.

```c4_-^1 d^. f^4_2-> e^-_+
```

### Dynamics

Music Glossary: dynamics, crescendo, decrescendo.

Dynamic signs are made by adding the markings (with a backslash) to the note:

```c4\ff c\mf c\p c\pp
```

Crescendi and decrescendi are started with the commands `\<` and `\>`. The next dynamics sign, for example `\f`, will end the (de)crescendo, or the command `\!` can be used:

```c4\< c\ff\> c c\!
```